Swimming Pools Overlay with Poseidone
Poseidone is a continuous cementitious overlay that allows you to easily cover and resurface elements such as swimming pools, tubs, hammams and saunas. It is a single-component microcement that enhances all projects with a modern and captivating aesthetic. Poseidone is an excellent solution for new projects and the renewal of surfaces indoors and outdoors in contact with water and humidity.
The steps and data described in this guide have been collected from Ecobeton's direct experiences and specialized applicator's advice. However, this information is subject to possible updates and revisions; in case of doubts and questions about the type of procedure to be followed, the surface to be coated, or otherwise, please ask for information by contacting us via email (email@example.com) or by phone (+390444971893)
Before overlaying a pool with Poseidone microcement, it is necessary to ensure the structure is waterproof. In particular, we should pay attention to negative water pressure and the hydrostatic thrust the water exerts from the outside towards the inside. Furthermore, there must be no leakage or cracks on the structure that could generate osmotic pressure gradients on the subsequent coating.
Pool waterproofing from the outside
The preferable way to waterproof the pool is from the outer side to create a barrier against water ingress from the adjacent ground. This waterproof layer can be realised through synthetic membranes, bituminous, mineral, or impregnating systems (1).
Waterstop systems must also be provided in correspondence with the connection between the slab and the wall.
- Deep penetrating sealer Evercrete Vetrofluid.
Pool waterproofing from the inside
If the tank has no external waterproofing system, it is essential to install waterproofing from the inner side against the negative hydrostatic pressure (pushed from the outside towards the inside).
- In the case of a concrete tank, use Evercrete Vetrofluid.
- In the case of a tank made of concrete blocks, eps panels or other types, use Koster NB1.
In correspondence to the joints between the floor and wall, it is necessary to create fillets with a radius of curvature from 1.5 to 5 cm. The fillet will reduce bacterial nesting by facilitating the cleanability of the surface, and it allows for reducing the tensions generated at the edge that would otherwise be transferred to the subsequent coating.
- Watertight fast setting mineral mortar Koster WP Mortar.
Pipe and cable penetrations
- Elements passing through or protruding from the surface of the tank, such as formwork accessories, exposed reinforcing rods, nails, etc., which can act as a vehicle for the transport of water through the wall, must be removed entirely or cut to a depth of at least 5-10 mm behind the surface to be coated.
- Oxidized or potentially oxidizable elements must be treated with a rust converter (1).
- Other penetrations such as cables and pipes must be sealed with suitable permanently elastic paste (2), to block possible water seepage through them.
- Then proceed to restore the continuity of the tank with the appropriate waterproof fast-setting mortar (3).
- Rust converter Rust Buster Gel.
- Permanently plastic sealing compound Koster KB Flex 200.
- Watertight fast setting mortar like Koster WP Mortar.
Cracks and joints
In case of cracks in the tank, contact the Ecobeton technical service to evaluate the most suitable solution. Any construction or expansion joints must be respected and brought to the surface even after the coating has been laid down and must be sealed with a suitable waterproof elastic sealant (1).
- Elastic low modulus polyurethane sealant Koster PU Flex 25.
Properly roughen smooth substrates to improve adhesion. The support must be uniform in texture, solid, clean and free of incoherent parts, oils and previous treatments that may inhibit the adhesion of the product. Evaluate any defects in the substrate in advance. Contact the technical service for further clarification.
Poseidone application, what to know.
Below is some helpful information in the application step of Poseidone.
Mixing of Poseidone
- Poseidone must be mixed with clean, cold water (T <18 ° C).
- A 25 kg package of Poseidone can be mixed with a maximum of 6 L of water.
- Pour about ¾ of the total water into a clean bucket, add the powder and mix with a mixer at low speed.
- While continuing to mix, add the remaining water. (Mixing time 2 minutes.)
- We suggest preparing the amount you can apply within 30 minutes to prevent the material from losing workability.
- Any addition of water to the mix is allowed up to a maximum of 0.5 L per pack. Any addition of water, however, can lead to chromatic variations on the final coating compared to the standard shade.
Spreading of the coating layers
- Slightly moisten the support to hydrate it and lower its surface temperature.
- Avoid water stagnation.
- Apply the first layer of Poseidone with a trowel or notched trowel (preferably with a V-notch), creating an even layer.
- It is possible to apply the second layer of material with the fresh-on-fresh technique without wetting the base.
- The overall thickness of the coating must be at least 4 mm to guarantee water tightness.
You can use an alkali-resistant fibreglass mesh with a grammage of 100 g / m2 and a 4x4 or 5x5 mm mesh to regularize the applied layer.
- Install the fibreglass mesh on the first fresh coat of material'.
- DO NOT place the mesh directly on the support.
- It is essential to consider that the mesh is NOT intended as reinforcement against possible cracking phenomena of the substrate and does NOT provide elasticity or crack-bridging ability to the product.
The yield of Poseidone per mm of thickness is approximately 1.7 kg / m2. To cover a uniform substrate with a 4 mm thick layer, the total consumption is about 7 kg / m2.
Poseidone can be tinted in a mixture with Ecobeton colouring pastes or inorganic pigments based on oxides.
- The colour of the coating is fundamental in the final evaluation of the effect of the pool water. Light shades allow crystal clear turquoise water, while dark shades create a "mirror" effect.
- The action of chlorine and the products used for water disinfection can lead to long-term shade fading. In the same way, excessive hardness of the water can lead to the formation of calcareous deposits with whitish imperfections on the coating. The darker the shade of the overlay, the more pronounced these effects will be.
For any details, contact the technical service.
Poseidone does not need additional protection once installed. However, if you plan to leave the pool or tub overlayed without water, you can protect it from pollutants and stains with a clear polyurethane finish (1).
- The treatment is intended as protection against stains that may occur during the period in which the tank is empty.
- The treatment with GiGi Sealer has no hydrostatic sealing function.
- Clear polyurethane sealer GiGi Sealer.
Subjecting the pool to chemical stress before the end of curing can reduce the final resistance of the products. It is, therefore, advisable to wait for complete maturation before filling the tank.
- Avoid laying during hot hours and in the presence of direct sunlight.
- Avoid laying when the temperature of the air or substrate exceeds 30 ° C.
- Do not apply if rain is expected in the next 48 hours.
- Poseidone is NOT an elastic coating and has no crack-bridging capability. Any damage to the substrate can therefore affect the coating.
- Wait at least 15 days from the complete drying before proceeding to fill the swimming pool.
- The characteristics of the pool water, even during periods of non-use, must be maintained at optimal levels indicatively with pH between 6.5 and 7.5, free active chlorine between 0.7 and 1.5 ppm, and a water temperature between 18 and 27 ° C. Observe the general indications provided by the regulations in force for the treatment of swimming pool water (UNI EN 16713-3, etc.).
- Avoid direct contact of the coating with concentrated chemicals (e.g. pH correctors, chlorine tablets, disinfectants, salt, etc.). Use these products dissolved in water and only after filling.
- Poseidone is not compatible with water treatment systems based on potassium/magnesium salts.
- Every type of electrolysis disinfection can accelerate the degradation process of the coating.
- Emptying the pool is not recommended except for maintenance purposes, since it induces stress on the structure which could affect the coating.
- Do not use copper sulphate-based anti-algae
- Chemical shock treatments can only be done occasionally as they can lead to premature degradation of the coating.
- Do not use metal utensils for cleaning the coating.
- Poseidone can be irreparably stained by contact with aggressive substances and/or pigments (e.g. leaves, earth, animal excrement, etc.). Protect the coating during any emptying periods.